What are head lice?
The head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis) is a parasitic insect that can be found on the head, eyebrows, and eyelashes of people. Head lice feed on human blood several times a day and live close to the human scalp.
Do lice fly or jump?
Lice cannot fly, nor do they jump. They are very efficient crawlers, thanks to their specialized claws, which allow them to crawl from head to head through close, direct contact.
Who is most at risk to get head lice?
School aged children between the ages of 3 and 11 are most affected by head lice infestation as they are exposed to other kids and play in close contact. Infestations in teens and college students are also on the rise due to social media "selfie" photos, which makes it easy for lice to move from head to head.
Are girls more at risk than boys?
Girls are at higher risk of head lice infestation than boys because of social acceptance of close physical head-to-head contact; sharing of hats, scarves, combs, brushes, hair ties; lying on a sofa, carpet, or playing with a stuffed toy that has recently come in contact with an infested person.
Where are head lice most commonly found?
Head lice and their nits are found particularly around and behind the ears and near the neckline at the back of the head. Head lice hold tightly to hair with hook-like claws at the end of each of their six legs. Their nits are glued firmly to the hair acting like a clamp and are very difficult to remove.
How is head lice diagnosed?
A head lice infestation is confirmed by finding a live louse on the scalp or hair. Observing carefully and using a magnifying lens and a fine-toothed comb are helpful ways to find live lice. Lice are tiny, they move quickly, and avoid light, which makes them difficult to find. If live lice are not seen, finding nits firmly attached within a ¼ inch of the base of the hair shafts strongly suggests, but does not confirm, that a person is infested and should be treated. Nits that are attached more than ¼ inch from the base of the hair are usually dead or have hatched, but should still be removed due to some schools "No Nit" policies.
If you are not sure if someone has lice, a health care provider, local health department, or other person trained to identify live head lice should be found.
How do you know if nits are alive or not?
It is easiest to eliminate all nits instead of trying to determine if they are still alive. Just one missed nit could lead to lice recurrence.
How is head lice transmitted to others?
Head lice are spread by direct contact with the hair of an infested person. Those who come in head-to-head contact with someone who has head lice are most at risk; direct contact with clothing (hats, scarves, helmets) or other personal items (combs, brushes, hair clips) is less likely but a possible way as well.
How do you manage a lice infestation?
Managing a head lice infestation includes examining all individuals exposed including household members and close contacts, and then treating those who are infested. Those who have no evidence of infestation but share a bed with someone who is infested should use a shampoo that is specifically designed to help prevent a lice infestation, like OsmoBliss.
Why do most Lice Treatments fail?
- Use of an ineffective product that is not 100% effective on removing both nits and lice
- The product used contains pesticides that lice have built an immunity towards.
- The instructions were not followed completely - insufficient product use amount, duration of treatment, etc.
- Sharing clothing, bedding and towels used by a person infested with lice
- Failure to treat close contacts – infestation will occur/recur if the infected's immediate family and/or social network do not take proactive measures against the infestation, including the use of a shampoo specifically formulated to be helpful against contracting lice during an infestation.
Can head lice spread in swimming pools?
Possibly, chlorine levels found in pool water do not kill head lice and they can live in the water for a number of hours.
Do head lice spread disease?
No, head lice are not known to spread disease.
Do pets carry lice?
No, lice can only survive by feeding on human blood.
Are lice resistant to available treatments?
YES, lice have become resistant to many treatments. Similarly to antibiotics’ overuse, treatments that contain pyrethrins, permethrin and malathion have been so extensively utilized that lice have evolved to resist and survive such treatments.
What can be done about resistant lice called "Super Lice?"
‘Super Lice’ are lice that have mutated/evolved to be able to survive pesticide-based treatments. Licemosis and OsmoBliss do not use pesticides or toxic ingredients, so lice can never build an immunity.
How is Licemosis different from other head lice products?
Licemosis differentiates itself from the competition in a number of ways.
- It is pesticide and toxic chemical free, which should give comfort to caregivers and parents who are concerned about what they are putting on their children scalp.
- It gives comfort in knowing that lice will never develop a resistance to our product -- it will always be 100% effective.
- Licemosis is the only product in the market designed to remove BOTH nits and lice. If all nits are eliminated, no new lice can hatch.
- As Licemosis removes all nits and lice, there is no need to retreat the infestation in 7-10 days. One 30 minute treatment eliminates all nit and lice, guaranteed.
What is lice recurrence?
Lice recurrence is the reappearance of the lice life cycle due to the incomplete removal of all nits. If all nits are not removed, new lice will infest the person.
What are Pyrethrins? What is Malathion?
Pyrethrins are pediculicidals, meaning they can kill lice. Pyrethrins are often used in household insecticides and products to control insects on pets or livestock. Pyrethrins interfere with the way that the nerves and brain function. They are effective insecticides that are often used in household sprays, aerosol bombs, insect repellents, pet shampoos, and lice treatments. Using products containing these compounds will expose you to these cancerous chemicals.
Malathion is both pediculicidal (can kill live lice) and partially ovicidal (can kill some lice eggs).
Neither Pyrethrins nor Malathion can kill all nits, and because of this, lice recurrence is more likely. Un-removed live nits will develop into lice, and will result in head lice recurrence.
How do you clean your household to protect against lice?
It is not recommended to use dangerous sprays or hiring a pest control company to clean your household of lice, as these treatments can be dangerous to humans and to pets. Lice will not survive more than 48 hours away from the human scalp, therefore you only need to devote some time cleaning your home, focusing on vacuuming and washing bedding, clothes and towels in hot water.
Do people with poor hygiene become more easily infested with head lice?
This is FALSE. In fact lice prefer clean hair to dirty hair as the natural oils on the scalp and hair make it more difficult for lice to attach their nits to hair strands that are not clean.
Is head itching the clear sign that someone has head lice?
Only about half of people with head lice scratch as a reaction to having lice. Logically this leads to the infestation’s high rate of spreading, as people without itchy symptoms are often unaware of having lice. Itching of the scalp occurs only to people who are allergic to the saliva that lice produce as they feed on human blood.